Caius Pius Esuvius Tetricus is one of the so-called thirty tyrants listed in the Historia Augusta of the secessionist Gallic Empire, a breakaway realm founded by Postumus, a one-time governor of Germania, in 260 CE after repeated barbarian invasions brought instability to the Roman Empire. At its height the Gallic Empire encompassed the territories of Germania, Gaul, Britannia, and Hispania.
[Coin depicting Tetricus I. Image from Rasiel's Roman Imperial Type Set courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.]
Although Postumus was assassinated in 268 CE and the empire lost much of its territory, it continued under a succession of emperors including the last, Tetricus, until he was defeated by the Roman Emperor Aurelian at the Battle of Châlons in 274 CE.
- Postumus 260 - 268
- (Laelianus 268, usurper)
- Marius 268
- Victorinus 268 - 270
- (Domitianus 271? usurper)
- Tetricus I 270 - 274 (residence Trier)
|A slab dedicated to Sol Invictus and to the |
Genius of the Emperors Chosen Horse Guards
- Equites Singulares. Photographed at the
National Museum of Rome galleries in the remains
of the Baths of Diocletian, Rome, Italy by
" Statuettes of Sol Invictus, carried by the standard-bearers, appear in three places in reliefs on the Arch of Constantine. Constantine's official coinage continues to bear images of Sol until 325/6. A solidus of Constantine as well as a gold medallion from his reign depict the Emperor's bust in profile twinned ("jugate") with Sol Invictus, with the legend INVICTUS CONSTANTINUSBack in October 2009, a couple of researchers argued in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science that large numbers of coin hoards are a good quantitative indicator of population decline. They also pointed out that in periods of social upheaval we are familiar with like the Second Punic War, the Social Wars, and the civil wars, hoarding behavior soared.[See Wired Science]
Constantine decreed (March 7, 321) dies Solis—day of the sun, "Sunday"—as the Roman day of rest [CJ3.12.2]:
Constantine's triumphal arch was carefully positioned to align with the colossal statue of Sol by the Colosseum, so that Sol formed the dominant backdrop when seen from the direction of the main approach towards the arch." - Wikipedia
- On the venerable day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country however persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits because it often happens that another day is not suitable for grain-sowing or vine planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost.
Although they were studying coin hoards from the second and first century BCE, their theory would indicate that there are a lot more hoards from the third century CE still waiting to be found, as we know from the historical record that the third century was a period of massive social upheaval. Maybe I'd better ship my husband and his metal detector off to England as an investment strategy!